As a country maintaining friendly relations with all the countries in Northeast Asia, the Mongolia adheres and promotes dialogue in the region to resolve pressing issues. Building on the country’s foreign policy endeavor and taking the Helsinki process as an example, the Ulaanbaatar Dialogue was first initiated in April, 2013 as a foreign policy initiative that aims to contribute to the establishment of a dialogue mechanism within the region. Within the endeavor for building confidence and promoting regional cooperation in Northeast Asia, the International Conference on Northeast Asian Security has been held since 2014 annually and successfully engaged both academia and government officials of the region and beyond to share their insights. The Ulaanbaatar Dialogue has not only provided an opportunity to voice opinions and concerns on regional peace, security issues, but it also has served as a platform for bridging the gap in mutual understanding while strengthening mutual trust and paving the way for future cooperation. However, due to the pandemic, the conference was cancelled in 2020 and 2021, and resumed in 2022. The International Conference is not only in line with the Foreign Policy Concept of Mongolia, but also highlights Mongolia’s historical tradition of multilateral cooperation efforts. The conference has been co-organized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Institute for Strategic Studies of the National Security Council of Mongolia.